Concurrency in iOS

Simultaneousness is a condition in a program where at least two errands are characterized freely, and each can execute autonomous of the other, regardless of whether the other is additionally executing in the meantime. In programming simultaneousness can mean a few calculations, information burdens, or guidelines are being dealt with moderately in the meantime, through a solitary center or various center processor.

With a solitary center processor, simultaneousness is accomplished by setting exchanging, which utilizes a period multiplex switches between strings sufficiently speedy to give multi-entrusting (to a client single-center multi-entrusting looks consistent, the change is sufficiently quick to appear like the two procedures are running in the meantime). On a multi-center processor parallelism is accomplished by enabling each string to keep running alone center (each string has its own designated space to run the procedure). Both of these systems take after the thought of simultaneousness.

In iOS advancement, we use multi-threading through the apparatuses gave to us by Apple, keeping in mind the end goal to enable our application to perform undertakings and lines with the objective of expanding our execution. Note that simultaneousness is troublesome, and breaking down what precisely should be improved is imperative in doing before proceeding with including simultaneousness.

Recognize in the event that you are endeavoring to build throughput, client responsiveness, or dormancy, to improve your application. There are outsider libraries like AFNetworking that expand on the nonconcurrent utilization of simultaneousness in NSURLConnection, and different apparatuses to disentangle the procedure.

Lines Types

Characterizing the kind of line is vital in accomplishing the outcomes you need, and will help organize the way your pieces of code are executed.

Synchronous: The present string will be blocked while execution is going on

Offbeat: Tasks will be keep running on a foundation string, keeping the present string free for different undertakings

Serial: Serial lines execute the squares each one in turn, in the request of which they were entered (FIFO - First In First Out).

You can make more than one serial line; on the off chance that you had four serial lines, they could run every one of the four assignments in the meantime nonconcurrently, the preferred standpoint being that you can control the order(FIFO) in which the pieces of code execute, and they are string safe on every Serial Queue.

Simultaneous: Concurrent lines can possibly execute the pieces together, (with a default of 2 hinders at once), enabling procedures to be keep running in parallel. The impediment being that you won't not have idealize control over which errands complete first.

NSOperation and NSOperationQueue

NSOperation and NSOperationQueue are an abnormal state reflection of GCD with a specific end goal to give more control and particulars around simultaneousness. The capacity to wipe out an operation, and add needs and conditions to your operations, gives you control in how your application capacities.

Sorts of NSOperation:

NSOperation: Inherits from NSObject, enabling us to include our own properties and techniques in the event that we need to subclass it. It is imperative to ensure the properties and techniques are string sheltered also.

addDependency: Allows you to make one NSOperation reliant on another, as you will find in a case beneath.

removeDependency: Allows the evacuation of a reliance operation.

NSInvocationOperation: Returns a non-simultaneous operation on a solitary indicated protest.

NSBlockOperation: Manages the simultaneous execution of squares. This enables you to execute different pieces on the double without making separate operations for every one, and the operation is done when all squares have finished executing.


The NSOperation class has states keeping in mind the end goal to enable you to get data on your operation. You can utilize KVO warnings on those key ways to know when an operation is prepared to be executed through boolean calls.

Prepared: Returns genuine when prepared to execute, or false if there are still conditions required.

Executing: Returns genuine if the present operation is on an undertaking, and false on the off chance that it isn't.

Completed: Returns genuine if the assignment has executed effectively or in the event that it has been crossed out. A NSOperationQueue does not dequeue and operation until completed changes to genuine. It is essential to actualize conditions and complete squares effectively to dodge halt.

NSOperation Cancelation

Takes into consideration an operation to be wiped out amid operations. It is conceivable to wipe out all operations in NSOperationQueue, this stops all operations in the line.

abrogate func primary() {

for match in inputArray {

on the off chance that crossed out { return }




Keeping in mind the end goal to viably scratch off an execution, it is imperative to include a check inside the fundamental strategy for the operation to check for cancelation. You can moreover include an advance capacity, to check the measure of information that has been prepared before cancelation.


Controls the way your operations are dealt with in a simultaneous way. Operations with a higher need will be executed with priority over those with a lower need. A list is utilized to express the need cases.

open enum NSOperationQueuePriority : Int {

case VeryLow

case Low

case Normal

case High

case VeryHigh



NSOperationQueue *queue = [[NSOperationQueue alloc] init];

NSBlockOperation *op1 = [NSBlockOperation blockOperationWithBlock:^{

NSLog(@"op 1");


NSBlockOperation *op2 = [NSBlockOperation blockOperationWithBlock:^{

NSLog(@"op 2");


NSBlockOperation *op3 = [NSBlockOperation blockOperationWithBlock:^{

NSLog(@"op 3");


/op3 is executed last after op2,op2 after op1

[op2 addDependency:op1];

[op3 addDependency:op2];

[queue addOperation:op1];

[queue addOperation:op2];

[[NSOperationQueue mainQueue] addOperation:op3];

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